The Great Trinity Forest—many have heard of it, but how many of us really know what it is?
In the simplest terms, the Great Trinity Forest is roughly six thousand acres of mostly bottomland woods that follow the Trinity River and White Rock Creek as they flow through South Dallas. It is claimed to be the largest urban hardwood forest in the country, and the City of Dallas wants to develop it for your recreational use.
Transforming this long forgotten and often abused parcel of land into a place suitable for real outdoor recreational activities—while at the same time preserving the park’s unique natural heritage—will be a massive undertaking. It will require the participation and cooperation of many different institutions and organizations, and will likely take years or decades of work to come to fruition.
It is hard to pin down a comprehensive list of just which entities are involved in the development and marketing of the Great Trinity Forest. Here are some of the names I have heard to date: Trinity River Authority, US Army Corps of Engineers, Utility Companies, Dallas Parks and Recreation, Dallas County Open Spaces Program, Trinity Watershed Management Department, and, of course, the City of Dallas itself.
Other organizations involved include Groundwork Dallas—one of many groundwork trusts across the country started by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. National Park Service, Dallas Off-Road Bicycle Association (DORBA), and the Audubon Society which manages the Trinity River Audubon Center.
There is much more to the Great Trinity Forest than just the sum of all its composite acres. Written in these woods is the history of this area all the way back to prehistoric times. Important archeological sites are scattered about the map in a way that makes it abundantly clear just how vital this part of the Texas has been to people throughout the region’s history.
There is a certain mystique about these woods that makes the Great Trinity Forest stand out from all the other natural areas in and around the metroplex. The essence of its compelling aura is hard to put a finger on, but it surely has something to do with the exotic nature of the park itself.
Unique by its very urban nature, the Great Trinity Forest is also home to some of the most fascinating species of wildlife that North Texas has to offer. White-tailed Deer, River Otters, American Alligators, Feral Hogs, Crested Caracaras, Wood Storks, ibises, Roseate Spoonbills, Ospreys, Bald Eagles, and Swallow-tailed Kites can all be found here.
Also extraordinary is the amazing topography of the region. Hidden lakes, impenetrable swamps, bubbling springs, a mighty river, meandering creeks, and vista views are all located within the park’s boundaries. Like a powerful magnet, these compelling features create an irresistible draw to those of us who are inclined to outdoor adventure.
But, just like a magnet the Great Trinity Forest also has a repulsive side. In these woods there is the ever present feeling that something is just not quite right—a sense that there is trouble to be found here.
Evidence abounds in these woods of a discouraging amount of past abuse and neglect that the area been forced to endure. Landfill and mining operations—some legal, and some not. Unbridled pollution, evidence of marijuana farms, poaching, and other illegal behaviors can still be be found in various places about the park. The Great Trinity Forest is a place with a lot of potential, but it’s not yet an enchanted forest.
Good or bad, one thing is certain—the Great Trinity Forest makes a big impression on those who come to visit it. Here are a few first impressions recorded over the last several years from other metroplex writers:
- D Magazine – Great Trinity Forest to Change the Way We Regard Dallas
- Dallas Observer – The Great Trinity Forest Ain’t So Great
- CBSDFW – The Best-Kept Secret In Texas… The Great Trinity Forest
Any talk about what the Great Trinity Forest is cannot be considered complete until what the Great Trinity Forest could be is also discussed. A few years ago the Dallas Urban Forest Advisory Committee put together a set of recommendations for the management of the Great Trinity Forest. that document can be found here:
And here is the city’s management plan document that followed about a six months later:
Constitution of The Great Trinity Forest
The Great Trinity Forest is comprised of many different areas—some are named and some are not. The most important of the named places are noted on the map below, and each is addressed in more detail later in this article.
Trails of The Great Trinity Forest
A trails system, similar to the one illustrated below is planned to tie the many disparate parts of the Great Trinity Forest together. A good number of these trails already exist or are currently being built. The connectors leading out of the forest and into the city in the north being the major exceptions. There is also a fairly extensive system of unofficial soft surface trails and passable utility right of ways cutting through the blank spaces on this map.
As you can see, long stretches of the trail system have been built through heavily wooded and isolated areas. In the past the trails have not been well maintained, and even wide concrete paths have begun to be overgrown in places. Some of the soft surface trails have been neglected to the point where extensive repairs will be needed to bring them back to their original condition. Unauthorized vehicular traffic have damaged others.
At the present time, none of these trails are regularly patrolled by law enforcement and they are seldom used by the public. All too often the trails are instead being used to facilitate dumping, poaching, and other illegal activities.
Conservationists and preservationists have been working hard for the better part of the last two years to protect historic Big Spring from clumsy horse park and golf course construction and over zealous trail building plans.
This is a place steeped in Texas and Dallas History. The founding families of Dallas called the lands around the spring home. Some of their descendants still do today.
The fight to protect the springs has been a difficult one, but a corps of dedicated activists has made remarkable headway. Progress has been uneven however, and there have been setbacks. This summer when most of the preservationists were at a meeting at City Hall—and no one was present to keep an eye on the property— someone set the back 40 near Big Spring ablaze and the whole thing went up in smoke. Very odd. You can read a brief account of the fire here:
Other than this little blurb, the incident did not much register with local news.
More recent coverage about Big Spring, its historic significance, and the environmental challenges it faces can be found below:
- Dallas Observer – Preservationists Want to Stop the City from Building the Texas Horse Park Over Historic Spring
- Dallas Observer – Dallas City Hall is Pledging to Preserve the Southern Dallas Spring that Once Quenched Sam Houston, John Neely Bryan
- Dallas Morning News – Recognition of Mighty Bur Oak is Tied to Big Spring Protection Effort
- Green Source DFW – North Texas Wild: Who’s Watching Out for the Great Trinity Forest and the Future of Pemberton Hill?
This is a place rarely visited. No real trails lead in or out. The ground is low, the forest is young, and it is dark and mysterious under the canopy. I’ve paid this spot a visit a time or two. An account of one such visit can be found here: Dropping in on the Bruton Bottoms
Dallas Standing Wave
I’ve never really understood the why of the Dallas Standing Wave. I guess the standing wave was supposed to be some kind of whitewater blah blah blah for urban kayakers. But things didn’t quite work out as planned.
A slow water bypass was included in the design so that the standing wave would not become a barrier to those with more casual recreational boating in mind. The problem is that the bypass did not function as designed and it was determined to be far too technical and dangerous for people of intermediate skill. Use of the Dallas Standing Wave has been discouraged while a solution to this problem has been sought. In the meanwhile years have gone by.
Here are a few older news articles on the subject:
- Dallas Morning News – Dallas Wave Whitewater Park on the Trinity Remains in Limbo
- Dallas Observer – The Trinity River Standing Wave Crashes into Reality
And here is a more recent one:
This multimillion dollar debacle is one that should have raised the ire of the citizens of Dallas. It is truly a boondoggle. Somebody in city government should have been held accountable, and this problem should have been remedied before any further developments in the Great Trinity Forest were undertaken.
Instead, the folly of this project went largely unnoticed—the citizens of a busy city like Dallas do not have the time to try to unravel what a “standing wave” is—and the whole thing just fell off the radar screen. Now several years later, the plan seems to be to explore just how long the problem can be ignored until the city is forced to do something about it.
Five Mile Island
Protected by a moat of murky water, Five Mile Island is one of the most remote and wild areas in the Great Trinity Forest. The channelized Trinity River forms a daunting barrier on the east, while the remnants of the old river following its original path wrap around the north and west sides of the island. Five Mile Creek cuts across the southern end of the property and blocks an approach from that direction.
People rarely visit this part of the Great Trinity Forest simply because it is all but unreachable, except by the most determined explorers. The result of all this isolation is that wildlife abounds here.
Great Trinity Forest Overlooks
Some of the highest elevations and grandest views the Great Trinity Forest has to offer can be found in this part of the park. A series of six overlooks mark the vistas, with each providing a commanding view of Dallas and the expansive woods in between.
A network of soft surface trails tie the overlooks together. Some are named and others are not: the Piedmont Ridge Trail, the JJ Beeman Trail, the Scyene Overlook Trail, and the Gateway Trail. Maintenance of these trails has been lax over the past several years and some are now in a concerning state of decline.
Fall is the best time to visit this part of the park, as an explosion of autumn colors takes over the landscape. Below you will find a few samples of the views that are in store for you. A journalized account of one of my past visits can be found here if you would like to see more: Great Trinity Forest Overlooks in Dallas, Texas
Grover Keeton Golf Course
This is not the new Trinity Forest Golf Club that has been in the news. Grover Keeton Golf Course has been around for years. Their website describes the place as, “One of Dallas’ Finest Golf Experiences. A hidden gem.” If you are inclined to golf, I’m sure you will agree. You can find more information about Keeton Park by clicking here.
When Lemmon Lake is holding water this place is the crown jewel of the Great Trinity Forest. There are sights to be seen here that are unique to any place in Texas—even our most remote wildernesses.
Unfortunately, Lemmon Lake is drought dry, and has been since the summer of 2012. Little Lemon Lake to the north was also bone dry the last time I stopped by. Without water, the exotic wildlife that normally calls this preserve home has been forced to seek out new haunts. Hopefully, the animals will return when the water is restored.
The Joppa Preserve is part of the Dallas County Open Space Program. You can find more information here: Dallas County Open Space Program – Joppa Preserve
Below is a video montage made up of footage recorded at Lemmon Lake just days before it dried up in the summer of 2012. All night long Feral Hog were came to the last pools of water to feed on the stranded fish they contained.
Lower Chain of Wetland Cells
The Lower Chain of Wetlands Cells is a US Army Corps of Engineers project designed to help control floods and provide habitat for native wildlife. More information can be found in the articles below:
- USCAE – Lower Chain of Wetlands Fact Sheet
- Dallas South News – Building a Place for Birders in Joppa while Reducing Flood Risk
- Dallas Morning News – Trinity River Wetlands Construction Brings Dallas Floodway Extension Project Closer to City’s Core
The Lower Chain of Wetland Cells was built on top of the Sleepy Hollow Golf Course. The old golf course was prone to flooding and reportedly suffered from odors wafting in from the nearby water treatment plant. Nonetheless, the previous owner was reluctant to part with the property and it was ultimately taken over by eminent domain. Here is an article from 2003 that chronicles that last days of Sleepy Hollow:
Unfortunately, vehicular access has not been restricted in the Lower Chain of Wetland Cells and it has become a favorite place for mud trucks and illegal dumping. Big four wheelers have done serious damage to the land and to native vegetation mitigation put in place by Lewisville Aquatic Ecosystem Research Facility (LAERF) and the Corps of Engineers. Poaching and other forms of general lawlessness have been reported here as well.
McCommas Bluff Preserve
The McCommas Bluff Preserve is another natural area setup by the Dallas County Open Space Program. More information can be found here: Dallas County Open Space Program – McCommas Bluff Preserve
From a historical context, this preserve is one of the more interesting places in all of the Great Trinity Forest. On this property is the site of the planned Trinity City, a town intended to become northern most port city on a navigable Trinity River.
Of course, making the Trinity passable for barge traffic is a dream that never was realized—there were just too many obstacles and impossibilities. Nonetheless, several efforts have been made to give it a go. Lock and Dam Number One was built around the time of the First World War and the remains of an even older lock and dam dating back to the late 1800s still sit in the river at this spot as testaments to failed aspirations.
I have spent a good deal of time in this part of the Great Trinity Forest. Here is an account of one such visit which includes an overview of the area’s history: Jornal – McCommas
While the McCommas Bluff Preserve has great appeal, there is also a dark side to this part of the Great Trinity Forest. Abandoned marijuana farms are hidden in the woods, and this is a popular spot to dump stolen cars. Evidence of poaching has been found near some of the informal trails along the north side of the river. Caution is warranted when you visit this place.
Rochester is a big park—comprised of over 980 mostly wooded acres. Within its boundaries are the Buckeye Trail, the confluence of White Rock Creek and the Trinity River, and a large pond known affectionately as Bart Simpson Lake (turn your head to the side when you look at the map below).
Also known as William Blair Park. City of Dallas Parks and Recreation Department information can be found here: Dallas Parks and Recreation – William Blair Jr. Park
The tragedy of Roosevelt Heights began back in the 1940s. People moved into the community without knowledge that the area is prone to flooding. Throughout the 1960s the community found itself repeatedly under water. By the early 1970s the neighborhood had to be bought out by the city. One hardy and defiant soul still resides in the lone house still standing north of US175. Eventually, though, the flood waters will be back and that will be that.
As you can see from the aerial below, the south side of this development has been largely reclaimed by the forest. I have been to this area a time or two and it is eerie and post-apocalyptic.
I have gotten wind of plans for making what’s left of the south side of this old neighborhood into a camp ground. Details can be found in an GTF Managment Plan. Here is an excerpt:
Roosevelt Heights Campground
- The campground could contain 288 sites for recreational vehicles (RV), 60 sites for tents, and an area suitable for large groups to camp
- All sites will have a table, fire ring and lantern post
- The RV sites will each have electric and water hookups
- Two alternatives for sewage disposal
- sewage hookups will be available at each RV site, OR
- dump stations will be available at the exit to the campground
Southern Gateway Park
One of the newest parks in the Great Trinity Forest, the Southern Gateway Park and Horse Trail was established in 2013. See this webpage for more information: Great Trinity Forest Gateway and Horse Trail.
Very close to this park, at the intersection of Interstate 20 and the Trinity River the City of Dallas has recently begun its multimillion dollar tire clean up efforts—a truly worthwhile effort. Much of the forest and a disturbing amount of the river is littered with decades worth of discarded automobile tires. Removing them will have a dramatically positive effect on the general appeal of the Trinity River and the surrounding woods.
You can read more about this important cleanup initiative here:
- Dallas Morning News – Dallas to Vote on Spending $3.25 Million to Pull Tires from Trinity River, Trash from Lake Ray Hubbard
- Dallas Morning News – Tire Removal is Tons of Work on Trinity River in Dallas
Texas Horse Park
Construction on the Texas Horse Park is nearing completion. When finished this facility will host trail rides into the adjacent Great Trinity Forest as well as onsite equestrian events.
Two non-profit organizations—Equest and River Ranch Educational Charities—will be providing programs for visitors to the facility. Horseback riding lesson, trail rides, hippotherapy and therapeutic riding classes, school field trips, hayrides, and event hosting are all planned for the Texas Horse Park.
You might not be surprised to hear that development of the Texas Horse Park has come hand-in-hand with a certain number of controversies. With opening day fast approaching, many of these issues have heated up of late. Checkout the articles below for details:
- Dallas Morning News – Editorial: Keep Dallas Horse Park Closed Until New Boss is Found
- D Magazine – The Sad, Sorry Story of the Texas Horse Park
- Dallas Observer – The Cruel and Unusual Building of the Texas Horse Park
- Dallas Morning News – Operator’s Lack of Insurance Stalls Opening of Texas Horse Park in Southern Dallas
- Dallas Observer – Dallas Entrusted its $11 Million Horse Park to a Man Accused of Mistreating Horses
- Dallas Morning News – Dallas City Hall Must Find Another Partner to Run Texas Horse Park
- Dallas Morning News – Dallas Says Horse Park Operator has Corrected Violations
Trinity Forest Golf Course
Just a few short years after the closing of the Sleepy Hollow Golf Course, the City of Dallas has begun the development of a new golf course just down the road from the old one. It is hoped that this new course will find more success than the one it replaces, and there are some indications that it will. The Byron Nelson Golf Tournament will be held at the Trinity Forest Golf Course starting in 2018. SMU has committed to moving its men’s and women’s golf programs to the new facilities, and AT&T has sponsored the expansion of various trails to and from the park:
Construction on the new course is well under way, but all has not gone as smoothly as hoped. There have been a number of environmentally insensitive missteps resulting from the construction effort. Several have been concerning enough to make the local news:
- Dallas Morning News – Digging and Draining Raise Concerns About City’s Care of Great Trinity Forest
- Dallas Morning News – Editorial: Drained Trinity Pond Drains Confidence
- Dallas Observer – Dallas Broke Its Own Rules to Get Dirt for Its Golf Course. Now, It Wants a Free Pass.
- Dallas Observer – Trinity Forest Lovers Get Tossed into City Hall’s Wood Mulcher
- Dallas Observer – One Drained Pond, a Few Chopped Trees Aside, Trinity Project Doing Great, Carolyn Davis Says
- Dallas Morning News – Sounding Off: Best Southwest, Oak Cliff and Grand Prairie Readers Tell Us What Should be Done About Great Trinity Forest Wetland Destruction
- Dallas Morning News – Dallas Officials Grilled on Pond Draining in Trinity Forest
Of course the center piece to the whole Great Trinity Forest is the mighty Trinity River itself. I love this river. It has been abused and polluted for decades, but it is still holding its own. It is a dark slow moving river that exudes power and beauty, but it also elicits a not-so-subtle sense malevolence.
There is much adventure to be found along this river which is why I keep returning time and time again. You can read an account of one such foray here: Journal – Trinity River Adventure
Trinity River Audubon Center
For those looking for a more packaged outdoor experience there is the Trinity River Audubon Center. Completed in 2008, the Audubon Center has been facilitating a variety of nature related activities ever since. Sponsored activities include academic programs, adult programs, children and family programs, and citizen science efforts.
The Trinity River Audubon Center (also know as the TRAC) is probably the best way to introduce yourself to what the Great Trinity Forest has to offer. In spite of this, and after several years in operation, the Audubon Center still seems to be struggling to find a marketable identity:
Using the TRAC as a base of operations for sponsored tours of the Joppa Preserve, the McCommas Bluff Preserve, the Trinity River, and other special areas in the Great Trinity Forest might help to broaden its appeal.
Upper Chain of Wetland Cells
The Upper Chain of Wetland Cells are being developed in conjunction with the planned Lamar Levee near downtown Dallas. Three news cells (or small lakes) are currently in the early stages of construction. When completed the Upper Chain of Wetlands Cells will provide flood control and wildlife habitat just two miles from Dallas City Hall.
You can view the US Army Corps of Engineers fact sheet for this project here: USACAE – Upper Chain of Wetlands Fact Sheet
Did you know the City of Dallas has a Feral Hog problem? Well, evidently it does, and much of this problem is centered in and around the Great Trinity Forest.
What kind of problems to wild pigs cause? Well, in a nutshell, they like to root up soil in order to find their dinner. This kind of behavior can wreak havoc on lawns and gold courses, especially when a whole sounder moves through the area.
Feral Hog are also thought to be vectors of disease. They are prodigious breeders and a few hogs can turn into a lot of hogs in a very short time. They eat just about anything that can be eaten, and they can have a negative impact on native wildlife as a result.
For what its worth, here is my take on the Feral Hog question as it pertains to Dallas in particular and Texas in general: Feral Hog – Villainous
Two summers ago the City of Dallas awarded an absurdly large contract to have the Feral Hog problem addressed. You probably won’t be surprised to hear things didn’t quite go as planned.
Here are a few stories about the hog trapping contract just after it was awarded:
- Dallas Observer – Osvaldo Rojas Is at War with Dallas’ Feral Hogs, and His Weapon Is His Smartphone
- KERA – Hog Wild: On The Hunt For Feral Pigs — In Dallas
And here is an article about the City’s change of heart:
- Dallas Observer – Feral Hogs Still on the Loose After Dallas Has Second Thoughts About Hired Trapper
News that the hog trapping contract was never enacted did not receive much mention in our local media, but as you can gather from the report above, the wild pig problem has not gone away. If Feral Hogs really are a issue in Dallas, then the city needs to get serious about locating and hiring a reputable firm to help them with the required mitigation.
Is the Great Trinity Forest Safe?
In general I think the answer to this question is no. A lot will depend on where you go and what you try to do while you are there. It is not difficult to make your way into an isolated and rugged area where an incapacitating injury could leave you stranded for hours or longer—and that assumes you have a cell phone to call for help.
There is also a criminal element that pervades these woods. The isolation provides cover for nefarious acts of varying degrees of villainy. Your best policy if you decide to visit, is to go with a group and stay alert. Keep your cell phones handy and be careful. Do not wander too far from the well traveled paths.
The situation may be improving soon. The City of Dallas and the Dallas police Department have finally acknowledged that, if they are going to invite citizens into these woods, then they have a responsibility to provide for a reasonable amount of public safety. There is still a lot of work to be done though:
- Dallas Morning News – Holy Trinity, Batman! Dallas Police Trying to Come up With a Plan for Keeping the Trinity River Corridor Safe
- Dallas Morning News – As Dallas PD Looks for Ways to Keep Trinity River Safe, It Might Want to Consult 5-year-old Design Guidelines
Is there anything really unique about another golf course? A horse park? A network of isolated concrete trails? Isn’t there any other way to make the Great Trinity Forest something truly special and original?
I cannot offer expert opinion on the Great Trinity Forest with regard to what it is or what it should become. All I know for sure is what I like and what I prefer.
I am tempted to imagine what things might be like if we considered setting the Great Trinity Forest aside as a real nature preserve. A place that would serve as a largely undisturbed natural area providing an appealing accent to all of the urban sprawl. Trails and a select few parks could be built along the perimeter of the woods in places that could actually be kept safe. In addition to recreation, these pathways could be used for regular patrols by law enforcement to help illuminate unwarranted access into the interior and to ensure public safety.
A concerted effort to clean up the river and the woods would be required to undo decades of neglect. Serious access control would need to be installed around the entire perimeter in order to limit unauthorized vehicular access and illegal dumping.
The current plan for concrete trails through isolated areas does not seem to be a well thought out idea. It will be difficult to provide for public safety through most all of the areas the trails will run through. As I noted earlier, if vehicular access is not effectively restricted then the trails will most likely be used to facilitate illegal dumping and other criminal activities.
After cleaning the river and the forests and securing the perimeter, the interior could then be left to the wildlife in the woods and canoeists on the river. The rest of us could enjoy the view of a large and uniquely undisturbed natural area right here in the heart of one of the largest metropolitan area in the United States.
The horse park is not the Great Trinity Forest. Nor is the new golf course. Nor is the standing wave. Not even the Audubon Center is the Great Trinity Forest. These are just places that have chipped away at what these woods really are and really can be. Trees had to be bulldozed in order to put these places on the map, and bulldozed trees do not make a forest—Great Trinity or otherwise. If they keep developing the forest for this or that attraction, then eventually there will be nothing left. Hopefully that outcome can be avoided.
For those who are interested, the best way to help protect the Great Trinity Forest is by simply staying as well informed as is possible—the behavior of all of the entities involved changes for the better when they know people are watching. As always, the best place to stay current on all things Great Trinity Forest is via Dallas Trinity Trails, the excellent blog by Ben Sandifer. Be sure and check it out.