Denton County – January 2018 thru March 2019

According to, the “back forty” is a term that refers to “remote, usually uncultivated acreage on a large piece of land, as on a farm or ranch.”

Researching further, I found this more comprehensive description of the “back forty” on

back forty, meaning “back side of a farm.” In the Homestead Acts of the 1800s, farmers were granted a quarter section; a section was 640 acres, a quarter section was 160 acres, and the quarter section was itself subdivided into four quarter-quarter sections of 40 acres each: two front forty and two back forty.

Nearly universal across all large tracts of undeveloped land in urban North Texas are signs of the property’s past use as a farm or a ranch. And one clear indicator that you have stumbled across the back forty of one of these old homesteads is the presence of a ravine like the one pictured below…

Discarded glass and metal containers
Signature Back Forty
Years worth of discarded coffee cans
More scrap metal

It seems to have been common practice on these old family-owned farms to designate an out-of-the-way gully for the dumping of certain types of household trash. The rusty beverage cans with old-style pull-tabs may date much of this garbage back to the 1970’s or earlier.

Notice the rusty beverage cans with old style pull-tab openings. The US began transitioning to aluminum cans in the early 1960’s
Children’s toys trapped in time
Only the rusty frame of this old doll stroller remains
This land has been hunted in the past

This back forty is a small part of a roughly 225 acre plot in south Denton County. This property provides nice mix of welcoming habitats, including open areas of tall-grass prairie that surround and gently girdle an extensive bottom-land forest. The woods here closely follow the windings of a small, clear-running creek and its minor tributaries. On the higher ground there is an abundance of evergreen Juniper trees, in some places forming dense groves. All-in-all it’s a great environment for many species of North Texas wildlife.

Tall grass prairie with riparian woods in the distance
Close to civilization–notice the hi-rise and crane on the horizon
A dense grove of Junipers
An abandoned Great Horned Owl nest–not in use this year
An algae-green pool of water in the bottomlands

During times of wet weather the prairie will saturate and begin to pool water. In places you will find acre after acre covered in an inch or more. Underneath it all the wet clay soil becomes ideally malleable–a near perfect stamp pad for recording animal tracks. Combined with winter-chastened vegetation, and you have an optimal environment for tracking–of both large and small animals.

Water up to several inches deep covered much of the property

Game trails are easy to notice in conditions like these, and making judgments about the species that laid the tracks, when they were there, and how many individuals passed through is not difficult. Deer tracks, in particular, are plentiful on this plot–nearly every square yard revealed some kind of evidence showing that whitetails had recently passed through.

Notice the game trail leading away from this opening in the tree/fence line

The dense bottom-land woods provide good cover to the many deer and Coyotes that call this place home. On each visit I flushed one or both animals as I moved along the margins.

Just a glimpse of a Coyote as we passed by each other on opposite sides of the margin
Coyote scat full of Feed Corn is a good indication that someone is running a deer feeder on this public property. The omnivorous Coyote is not above eating a little corn!

These encounters, combined with the abundance of well-defined game trails, inspired me to try a little trail camera project. For this effort I set my cameras to watch game trails at fence lines and creek crossings. My hope was to record photographs of these animal as they leapt to clear these obstacles.

I achieved only mixed success. Slow camera triggers or night-induced motion blur prevented me from getting the pictures I was really hoping for. But, still there were some interesting images recorded. A small collection is shared below.

Coyote in low light
This Coyote has cleared a barbed-wire fence, and is checking his surroundings before proceeding
A White-tailed Deer jumping a fence
This Coyote stops for a drink…
…before leaping over the creek
Next to show up at the creek… a White-tailed Deer
Up and over!
And, let’s not forget this little Armadillo, foraging on a cold winter night. He did not try to leap the creek!

Perhaps the most interesting encounter I had on this parcel occurred when a flash of red caught my eye as I was moving along the edge of the woods. I was momentarily puzzled. This was certainly a bird, but it was clearly too large—and the red feathers far too sparse–for it to be a common Northern Cardinal. But what else could it be?

A flash of red

I considered the sighting for a moment before the answer came to me… this bird must be the western variety of the Northern Flicker, otherwise known as the Red-shafted Northern Flicker.

Yellow-shafted Northern Flicker–relatively common in North Texas

Here in the metroplex, the eastern variety of this bird is far more common. Our sub-species is referred to as the Yellow-shafted Northern Flicker. Their bright yellow flight feather are a dead give away, and easily differentiate them from the western bird. Yellow-shafted Northern Flickers can be relatively common in woods like these–especially in the winter.

The Red-shafted variety is more common in the western reaches of Texas, and only rarely ranges into the metroplex. Just a handful of observations are recorded each year.

Now that I recognized that a Red-shafted Northern Flicker is likely what I had seen, I decided to hold my position in hope the bird would return. As it turned out, I barely had time to check the adjustments on my cameras before the rare woodpecker reappeared.

The Red-shafted Flicker returns!

My good fortune continued as the bird settle settled in a near by berry laden tree to feed. Sure enough, it was a male Northern Flicker. The branch he landed on was in good light and offered a relatively unobstructed view. I took many pictures.

Here’s a little better look at the rare Northern Flicker
The bird moved from branch to branch frequently, but never quit the immediate area
A nice, unobstructed view
Feeding on berries
Sometimes navigating these tight quarters was a bit of challenge
A nice look at his bright red feathers
Diving through the branches with gusto!
Red-shafted Northern Flicker?

Back at home, I was in for another surprise. As I began processing the pictures, I soon discovered that this bird was not a perfect match for a Red-shafted Northern Flicker. And quite obviously he was not a Yellow-shafted Norther Flicker either. Instead, the evidence would suggest that this bird was an intergrade–a hybrid combination of the other two sub-species.

A little different than your ordinary Red-shafted Flicker

The patches of color on the bird’s head tell the story. The pictures below illustrate how to make the determination.

Winter on the back forty can be long and hard in some years. But in 2018-19, the winter was relatively mild, and the wildlife here seemed to be thriving. My last visit to this parcel of land was in early March. I’m happy to report that there were clear signs of spring and the coming renewal!

Spring is on the way!

One Reply to “The Back Forty”

  1. This is wonderful. What a great discovery! We have been watching birds and ducks at a local pond in east Fort Worth and at our feeders in an old eastside neighborhood not far from small stands of woods. Learning a lot and loving it.

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