For several days I had noticed a pair of House Finches flying to and from a holly near my front porch. Typically, just standing next to the bush for longer than a few seconds would cause a bird to bolt from deep within the leaves near the top.

I suspected the finches had constructed a nest, and I retrieved a step ladder in order to have a better look. I was surprised by what I found

The House Finches were indeed nesting in the bush off my front porch, and when I examined the nest more carefully I made an interesting discovery. The nest contained three light blue House Finch eggs, but unexpectedly, it also held a fourth and different kind of egg. This one was white with brown speckles and slightly larger than the others.

Clearly this fourth egg did not belong with the other three, and a little research revealed that this egg belonged to a different species of bird altogether, the Brown-headed Cowbird.

The cowbird is a what is known as a parasitic species. It lays its eggs in the nest of other, smaller birds. The host species (in this case the House Finch) then incubates the cowbirds eggs along with its own, and when the eggs hatch, the larger cowbird juvenile is frequently able to out-compete the host bird’s young for parental care, due to its larger size.

The House Finch nest is located deep in the top portion of this bush
The House Finch is a small song bird… This is the female
The male House Finch wears a red cap
The House Finch nest. The cowbird egg is white with brown spots.
House Finch eggs are a light pale blue
A male Brown-headed Cowbird. These birds are brood parasites.
They lay their eggs in the nests of other birds. The host species will then incubate
the eggs and raise the cowbird young
The cowbird egg is slightly larger than those of the House Finches
The cowbird egg was the first to hatch
Note the fine downy feathers on the cowbird juvenile
The Brown-headed Cowbird juvenile begging to be fed
The cowbird egg hatched a full day ahead of the House Finch babies
By the next day the cowbird baby was gone, and the first of the House Finch
eggs had hatched. Pictured is a baby House Finch
Note the difference in the feathers between the two species…
The Brown-head Cowbird has fine downy feathers (left), while the House Finch
baby has coarse feathers
All three House Finch eggs hatched successfully
The House Finches grew rapidly
House Finch babies are fed vegetable matter…
The cowbird requires a diet of insects in order to survive.
This probably explains the cowbird’s quick exit from the nest
Day 4
Day 5
Day 6
Day 7
Day 8
Day 9
Day 10
Day 11
Day 12
Day 13
Day 14
Day 15
Day 16
Day 17
The mother House Finch visiting the nest
Day 18, ready to fledge!
Day 20, the babies have left the nest!
DateMay 11, 2008 – Jun 3, 2008
Time of DayVarious
HabitatResidential-Single Family
Type of BehaviorCare of Young, Nesting
ObserverChris Jackson