Dateline – June 19, 2005
This journal entry is a bit of a tangent from an earlier entry I made about an old Nike Missile Base in Denton, Texas.
I first stumbled across references to an airfield named Denton Field while searching the internet for information about the old Nike Missile Base. Here is what The Handbook of Texas Online has to say about Denton Field:
Denton Field, which was 2½ miles northeast of Denton, was the site of the North Texas civilian pilot-training program of the Civilian Aeronautics Authority from 1940 to 1945. The original purpose of the program, which began in 1939, was to aid in the proper instruction of private flyers, but after World War II began, the program emphasized preparing young men for military flying. Colonel Ralph Devore, director of Region Four of the Civilian Aeronautics Authority, selected Denton as the site for the region’s North Texas base, and construction was begun and completed during the summer of 1940. The program at Denton began on October 10, 1940, with Theron J. Fouts as director, C. S. Floyd, Jr., as flight instructor, and Fred Connell, Jr., as ground instructor. The program accepted young men between the ages of nineteen and twenty-six who had completed one year of college and could pass a medical examination. Each student received seventy-two hours of ground training and between thirty-five and forty-five hours of flying, half flown solo. In the fall of 1940 twenty students enrolled in the program. The following year that number increased to thirty-five. From 1942 to 1945 an average of thirty-three students graduated each academic year. At the end of the war the civilian pilot-training program ended and Denton Field was abandoned. The army later selected the field as the site of one of four Nike-Hercules missile batteries in the Dallas-Fort Worth area. The base was completed in 1959 and dismantled in the spring of 1964. Although not in use in the 1980s and early 1990s Denton Field remained the property of the federal government.
The information towards the end of this paragraph is what caught my interest. According to this article the Nike Missile Base was built on the former site of old Denton Field.
I did some more searching, and soon came across this article on a web site called Abandoned and Little-Known Airfields. On this web site I discovered that the airfield may have also gone by the name College Field for at least some period of its history. More intriguing, though, I also found a number of useful maps and aerial photographs of Denton Field’s location.
On my next trip up to Denton I used these maps and photographs to establish the airfield’s actual historical location, and then I paid the site a visit. The airfield is long gone now, but I do believe we were able to correctly identify where it once was. I make my case below:
Here is a USGS Topography Map of the area dated 1978. It is important because it still indicates Denton Field's actual location as well as the location of a number of associated buildings. In addition, It also includes a number of landmarks that have not changed in the intervening years, including roads, ponds, power lines, an electrical substation, and an athletic field.
This is an aerial photograph of the area dated 1995. While there is no longer any sign of the Denton Field, this picture is still helpful for a number of reasons. First, it shows the location of the newest landmark in the area, highway Loop 288. Second, it shows many landmarks in common with the 1978 USGS Map, namely ponds, power lines, and the electrical substation. Finally, it also shows the location of the south Nike Missile site (top right corner), and a portion of an abandoned Texas Instruments plant (bottom left corner).
Here is how the map and the photograph overlay each other. This overlay establishes Denton Field's location as a little over a mile away from the south Nike Missile site.
Finally, here is an aerial photograph of Denton Field dated 1958. The fence line surrounding the airfield, and several of the buildings are highlighted in yellow.
I believe that if you consider the 1958 aerial photograph, showing the boundaries of the airfield, with the map-photo overlay showing Denton Field and the Nike Base to be over a mile apart, it becomes very unlikely that the two locations are related in any way.
While on site at the old Denton Field location I took a number of photographs recording the way the site looks today. What’s left of the airstrip is now bisected by highway Loop 288, and the south end of the airfield (including all of the buildings shown in the maps and photos) is now a residential subdivision under construction.
According to the 1978 USGS map this section of power line roughly marks the south end of the old grass runway. This is the view facing north. The airstrip would have begun just behind and to the right of the poles.
I took this picture standing just next to the power line poles in the previous picture. I'm facing north/northeast, looking in the general direction the airstrip followed. I believe the two small posts in the foreground are located very near the south end of the runway (if they do not mark it exactly). In the background you can see a white pickup truck and some telephone poles that pinpoint the location of highway Loop 288. The runway would have crossed the highway and terminated somewhere near the high-spot in the distance.
Again, I am standing under the power lines near the south end
of the runway. This time I am facing south/southeast. The
Again, I am standing under the power lines near the south end of the runway. This time I am facing south/southeast. The three pole tower marks the location where the power lines turn east toward the substation as shown on the 1978 USGS map
At the south end of the runway facing north/northwest. The trees show the location of the pond crossed by the power lines just west of the airfield, as indicated on the 1978 USGS map.
Here is the view looking south of the runway. As you can see the area where the airfield's buildings once stood is now a residential subdivision under construction.
According to the 1978 USGS map a single dirt road provided access to Denton Field. This is what remains of the south end of the dirt road where it terminates at Riney Road (bottom right corner of the USGS map).
This is the other end of the dirt road where it intersects with FM 2164 just south of the electrical substation. The water tank in this picture is clearly marked on the USGS map.
As I walked around the site, I also discovered a number of artifacts that may be remnants of Denton Field. I include photos of them here also:
While walking the site of old Denton Field, I found a number of artifacts that may be related to former airfield. There was a good amount of metal siding littering the area, all of it old and rusted
I also found several pieces of brick that seems to be of a different size and shape than those in common use today. This is a picture of a nearly intact example.
Here is a heavy metal pole, and its concrete anchor. Could this be part of the perimeter fencing?
More of the of the heavy metal poles in the foreground. The short poles in the background are remnants of erosion control installed as part of the subdivision construction effort.
I found this ceramic insulator attached to the two small post located at the south end of the runway. It is stamped with a Westinghouse logo.
This is perhaps the most compelling artifact that I found.
Though heavily rusted, I could still make out a good deal of the
text on this item. The small text at the top reads:
NO. 1, 8461455
NO. 2, 0561560
The large text in the middle reads:
The small text at the bottom contains dates, and reads:
B 23, 1932 PATENTED SEPT 15, 1936
After this visit to Denton, I was satisfied that had had answered the question of whether the Nike Base had been built upon the site of old Denton Field, but now I was left with another nagging question… What is the real story of Denton Field?
This is where you come in. If you know anything about old Denton/College Field please contact me and fill me in on the details. I’d love to hear your stories and see any pictures of the airfield you might have. Any help identifying the artifacts I found (especially the New Daisy Waterer) would be very much appreciated also.
You can email me by following this link.