Dateline – December 23, 2019 – Lewisville, Texas
It’s always nice to find a group of Hooded Mergansers in a new location in the metroplex. I recently stumbled across these in a pond located in a small residential park.
Hooded Mergansers are winter migrants in the metroplex. They come here in relatively small numbers compared to some of our other winter ducks–such as Gadwalls and Northern Shovelers. They also tend to prefer certain specific waterways year after year, though the appeal of these particular habitats is not readily apparent–at least not to me. Because of these factors, discovering a new congregation of these beautiful ducks is always exciting.
For most of my visit on this cold winter morning there were only a half dozen or so mergansers present. But the starkly colored ducks were busy coming and going the entire time, so that at one point we had a full dozen in the contingency–roughly evenly divided between males and females.
Hooded Mergansers are interesting ducks. Their appearance is unique, and so too are many of their behaviors. Roughly crow-sized, these small diving ducks feed primarily on small fish and aquatic invertebrates. Here is how Wikipedia describes the Hooded Merganser…
The hooded merganser is a sexually dimorphic species. The adult female has a greyish-brown body, with a narrow white patch over the lower breast and belly. She has a light reddish-brown crest extending from the back of the head. During the nonbreeding season the male looks similar to the female, except that his eyes are yellow and the female’s eyes are brown.
In breeding plumage the dorsal areas and the head, neck and breast of the mature male are mainly black with white markings; there are large white patches on either side of the crest, and they are particularly conspicuous when he raises his crest during courtship. His lower flanks are a rich reddish-brown or chestnut in colour, and the breast and undersides are more or less white, extending into white stripes across the crop and breast.
In both sexes there are narrow white stripes along the tertial wing feathers; when the bird is in repose they have the appearance of longitudinal white stripes along the bird’s lower back, if they are visible.
First-winter birds differ from adult females in appearance in that they have a grey-brown neck and upper parts; the upper parts of adult females are much darker — nearly black. Furthermore, the young birds have narrower white edges to their tertial feathers than adults do. Females of all ages are dark-eyed, whereas in males the eyes become pale during their first winter
The following sequence of four pictures begins with two mergansers–a male and a female. They are soon joined by another pair coming up from the depths. Finally, a non-breeding male pops up, and the entire groups moves on together…
Meanwhile on the opposite side of the pond this pretty little pair motored in circles. These are Ring-necked Ducks, another relatively rare winter visitor to the Dallas/Fort Worth metroplex. Only a handful of these ducks are usually present at any given location.
Ring-necked Ducks superficially resemble the much more common Lesser Scaup. Scaups can gather into large numbers in certain places around the metroplex. If you look carefully at such a congregation you might notice an odd duck or two with a white and black tipped bill–those are Ring-necked Ducks!
Here is what Wikipedia has to say about the Ring-necked Duck…
Ring-necked ducks are small to medium-sized diving ducks. The adult male is similar in color pattern to the Eurasian tufted duck, its relative. Males are a little bit bigger than the female. It has two white rings surrounding its gray bill, a shiny black angular head, black back, white line on the wings, a white breast and yellow eyes. The adult female has a grayish brown angular head and body with a dark brown back, a dark bill with a more subtle light band than the male, grayish-blue feet and brown eyes with white rings surrounding them. Females also make a noise like trrr. The cinnamon neck ring is usually difficult to observe, which is why the bird is sometimes referred to as a “ringbill”.